Submitted by Caitlyn Tetmeyer, Imus, Cavite, in June 2009. Originally used for 1st-year high school students.

Types of Sentences According to Purpose

Objectives: Students will identify and write the four kinds of sentences according to purpose (declarative, imperative, exclamatory, interrogative).
  • Write a short skit with four characters: Mr. Declarative, Ms. Exclamatory, Miss Interrogative and Grandpa Imperative. Each character speaks only in the type of sentence he or she is named after. Create a poster with the lines on it, big enough for all of your students to be able to read.
  • Optional: Make a poster naming and defining the four types of sentences according to purpose.
  • Optional (depending on whether students already have exercises in their books): Make two posters showing example sentences for the students to identify.

Motivation (10 min.): After putting your skit poster up on the board, invite four students to come to the front. (If they're too shy, they may stand at their desks.) Assign each of them a character and have them read their lines from the poster. Encourage them to read with feeling. Once they've performed the skit, let them choose their replacements, who will do the skit again. Alternatively, you could divide the class into four groups, and each group could read its part in unison.
Presentation (20 min.): Discuss the types of sentences using the skit sentences as examples. You may wish to make a poster naming and defining the types of sentences according to purpose.
Activity (20 min.): Have students identify the types of sentences on a poster you've made (or have them ID sentences in their books) as a class. Then give them another poster (or book exercise) of example sentences to identify in pairs or groups of three.
Evaluation/Homework Assignment (5 min.): Students will individually write four sentences (one for each type of sentence according to purpose). If desired, give them an interesting topic to follow, such as what to do on a Friday night.

Optional Next-day Follow-up: Divide students into groups of four and have them write short skits similar to the one you used for the Motivation. Have some of the groups perform their skits in front of the class.aqsqwrtafjtktkukl